It’s that time of year again: The weather gets chilly, the leaves change colors, and kids everywhere transform into tiny ghosts, goblins, and zombies. But did you know that Unix (and Linux) and its various offshoots are also chock-full of creepy crawly things? Let’s take a quick look at some of the spookier aspects of the operating system we all know and love.
Unix just wouldn’t be the same without all the various daemons that haunt the system. A
daemon is a process that runs in the background and provides useful services to both the user and the operating system itself. Think SSH, FTP, HTTP, etc.
Every now and then a zombie, a process that has been killed but refuses to go away, shows up. When this happens, you have no choice but to dispatch it using whatever tools you have available. A zombie usually indicates that something is wrong with the process that spawned it.
Not only can you use the
kill command to dispatch a zombie, but you can also use it to kill any process that’s adversely affecting your system. Have a process that’s using too much RAM or CPU cycles? Dispatch it with the
cat command has nothing to do with felines and everything to do with combining files:
cat is short for "concatenate." You can even use this handy command to view the contents of a file.
tail command is useful when you want to see last n number of lines in a file. It’s also great when you want to monitor a file.
No, not that kind of witch, but the command that prints the location of the files associated with any command passed to it.
which python, for example, will print the locations of every version of Python on your system.
crypt command, known these days as
mcrypt, is handy when you want to scramble (encrypt) the contents of a file so that no one but you can read it. Like most Unix commands, you can use
crypt standalone or within a system script.
shred command is handy when you not only want to delete a file but you also want to ensure that no one will ever be able to recover it. Using the
rm command to delete a file isn’t enough. You also need to overwrite the space that the file previously occupied. That’s where
shred comes in.
These are just a few of the spooky things you’ll find hiding inside Unix. Do you know more creepy commands? Feel free to let me know.