It’s been nine years since my firm, North Bridge, began our annual examination of trends in open source, which we conduct in conjunction with Black Duck Software. Each year the Future of Open Source Survey has revealed interesting developments related to both adoption and perception of open source. This year is no different.
The 2015 Future of Open Source Survey, which analyzed input from a record 1300 C-suite and senior IT professionals, tells us that we’ve reached a tipping point of sorts. Open source has reached unprecedented levels of pervasiveness. While once regarded as a novelty, open source has now become virtually ubiquitous in its adoption—with a whopping 78% of companies reporting that they run part or all of their operations on open source, and only 3% saying they don’t use it in any way.
That’s a remarkable increase in usage in a relatively short period of time. In fact, it’s doubled over the last five years, and has become a critical part of the way companies of all sizes work today.
Just for fun, I took a look at survey responses from 2007 to find that some actually labeled open source as a "gimmick," and a majority believed that a startup software vendor could ONLY be successful with a product/service that is NOT open source.
We’ve come a long way since then. It’s clear that open source has become the default base for software development, infiltrating almost every facet of the modern enterprise and outperforming proprietary packages on quality, cost, customization and security.
In the startup community, the most successful companies are those that are "open source-born." And at the same time, we’re seeing traditional IT leaders grafting open source DNA into their core, as they recognize the benefits of open source and the limitations of proprietary approaches.
Below is a sampling of findings from the survey:
Corporate open source use and participation reaches all-time high
- 78% of respondents said their companies run part or all of its operations on OSS and 66 percent said their company creates software for customers built on open source. This statistic has nearly doubled since 2010, when 42 percent of respondents in the Future of Open Source survey five years ago said that they used open source in the running of their business or their IT environments.
- 93% said their organization’s use of open source increased or remained the same in the past year.
- 64% of companies currently participate in open source projects – up from 50 percent in 2014 – and over the next 2-3 years, 88 percent are expected to increase contributions to open source projects.
- Open source has become the default approach for software with more than 66 percent of respondents saying they consider OSS before other options.
The open source advantage is clear
- 58% believe open source affords the greatest ability to scale and 43 percent said OSS provides superior ease of deployment over proprietary software.
- 55% believe open source delivers superior security when lined up against proprietary solutions. The superior security of open source is also expected to rise to 61 percent over the next 2-3 years.
- When evaluating security technologies for internal use, 45 percent of respondents said open source options are given first consideration.
- Open source participation is fueling enterprise competitive advantage. 65% said open source is enabling enterprises to compete and win—up from 45% in 2014.
- Cloud computing (39%), big data (35%), operating systems (33%), and the Internet of Things (31%) are expected to be impacted most by open source in the next 2-3 years.
- 50% of respondents said that OSS helps them find and recruit top talent. With the battle for talent in the tech sector growing for companies of all sizes, the lure of open source cannot be overlooked.
For me, the most exciting part of this year’s survey is what it portends for the future. We are in the early stages of new technologies that have the potential to disrupt nearly every industry and change the way we work—namely the Internet of Things, big data, and cloud computing. With open source reaching new levels of pervasiveness, we will unlock the potential of these—and more—areas of technology growth. In so doing, we’ll see the creation of many billions of dollars in value.