Simplify your web experience with this internet protocol alternative

Discover new corners of a quieter and simpler internet with the Gemini Protocol.
63 readers like this.
Compute like it's 1989

LSE Library. Modified by CC BY-SA 4.0

If you've been on the internet for a very long time or you're just very resourceful, you might remember an early text-sharing protocol called Gopher. Gopher was eventually displaced by the HTTP protocol, which of course is the basis for the modern World Wide Web. For many people, the "internet" and the "World Wide Web" are the same thing, because many people don't consciously do anything online that's not on the www subdomain.

But there have always been a variety of network protocols to share information over an interconnected network: Telnet, FTP, SSH, Torrent, GNUnet, and many more. Recently, there's been an addition to this collection of alternatives, and it's called Gemini.

The Gemini protocol, named after the space mission between the rudimentary experiments of Project Mercury and Project Apollo, is meant to sit peacefully between Gopher and HTTP. It doesn't aim to replace the modern web, by any means, but it does try to create both a simplified web and a modernized Gopher.

This development, young though it may be, is significant for many reasons. People take issue with the modern web, of course, for reasons spanning the technical and the philosophical, but it's also just plain bloated. A million hits from a Google search can feel like overkill when all you really want is one reliable answer to a very specific question.

Many people use Gopher for this very reason: it's small enough to allow for niche interests that are easy to find. However, Gopher is an old protocol that makes assumptions about programming, networking, and browsing that just aren't applicable anymore. Gemini aims to bring the best of the web to a format that approximates Gopher but is easy to program for. A simple Gemini browser can be written in a few hundred lines of code, and there's a very good one written in about 1,600 lines. That's a powerful feature for programmers, students, and minimalists alike.

How to browse Gemini

Like the early web, Gemini is small enough that there is a list of known servers running Gemini sites. Just as browsing an HTTP site requires a web browser, accessing a Gemini site requires a Gemini browser. There are already several available, listed on the Gemini website.

The simplest one to run is the AV-98 client. It's written in Python and runs in a terminal. To try it out, download it:

$ git clone

Change directory into the downloaded directory and run AV-98:

$ cd AV-98.git
$ python3 ./

The client is an interactive prompt. It has limited commands, and the main one is simply go followed by a Gemini server address. Go to the list of known Gemini servers, select one that seems interesting, and try visiting it:

AV-98> go gemini://

Welcome to the Gemini server!

Here are some folders of ASCII art:

[1] Penguins
[2] Wildebeests
[3] Demons

Navigation is a matter of following numbered links. For instance, to navigate to the Penguins directory, enter 1 and press Enter:

AV-98> 1

[1] Gentoo
[2] Emperor 
[3] Little Blue

To go back, type back and press Enter:

AV-98> back

For more commands, just enter help.

Gemini as your web alternative

The Gemini protocol is simple enough for beginner-level and intermediate programmers to write clients for, and it's an easy and quick way to share content on the internet. While the World Wide Web's ubiquity is advantageous for widespread distribution, there's always room for alternatives. Check out Gemini and discover new corners of a quieter and simpler internet.

What to read next
Seth Kenlon
Seth Kenlon is a UNIX geek, free culture advocate, independent multimedia artist, and D&D nerd. He has worked in the film and computing industry, often at the same time.


This project is super interesting, thanks for sharing!

Very cool, I remember Gopher, will check Gemini out!

Creative Commons LicenseThis work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International License.