In the past, German Chancellor Angela Merkel and other Europeans have objected to the Google book scanning project and the proposed settlement. The reasons I've heard for the objection include the absence of protection for moral rights in the U.S., that foreign works published in the U.S. may not be protected by U.S. copyright (so they fair game for full display on Google, but are still under copyright in the own country), and that Google will have a monopoly on digital books, a concern shared in the U.S.
The European Commission has now announced that it will have stakeholder dialogues to study issues of mass-scale digitizing and access to works, the problem of orphan works, and improving access to works by those with disabilities. More information here.
The more the merrier.